Author Guidline | PJES

Author Guidline

The submission of a paper by a set of authors will be held to imply that it represents the results of their original research not previously published; that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; and that if accepted for Journal of Biosciences it will not be published elsewhere.

Authors should submit the electronic versions of their manuscripts via the Editorial Manager.

Figures and photographs should be attached separately as jpg, ppt.

Formatting requirements are as for typescripts (see below).

Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that the work reported in it is original, that the results have not been previously published (either in part or whole) and are not under consideration for publication elsewhere; and further, that if accepted, will not be published elsewhere. Manuscripts that are not written in clear and understandable English are liable to be returned for re-writing even if they may be publishable on the basis of their scientific content.

Authors are invited to suggest names and addresses of three experts [local /foreign] who in their opinion can review the paper.

The choice of referees will however remain with the editorial board.

Manuscript Submission

Ensure that the following items are present:

  • One Author designated as corresponding Author:
  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone and fax numbers All necessary files have been uploaded Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes) Further considerations
  • Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web) Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print If only color on the Web is required, black and white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes

Article structure

Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.

Results

Results should be clear and concise.

Discussion

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone.

Essential title page information

Title. Concise,brief and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations.

  • The names of authors with initials and the address of the institution where the work was carried out must be given.
  • Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a number immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
  • Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and the e-mail address of first author.

Corresponding author.

  • Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone/mobile number and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
  • Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Abstract

A concise and factual abstract is required. Papers must have an abstract of not more than 200 words summarizing the significant results reported.

Keywords

Authors are invited to submit keywords, no more than eight, associated with their paper.

Abbreviations

Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Acknowledgements

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).



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